Publication - Clorine Disinfection of Private Water Supplies for Household or Agricultural Uses
Titre en anglais
Clorine Disinfection of Private Water Supplies for Household or Agricultural Uses
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Prairies (AB, MB, SK)
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Sommaire en anglais
Disinfection processes are used in the delivery of drinking water to reduce the risk of illness from disease-causing micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. Appropriately designed water treatment and disinfection processes will reduce exposure to pathogenic (disease-causing) micro-organisms or alter the organisms' DNA structure to prevent multiplication or reproduction in an animal's digestive system. The effectiveness of the disinfection process is determined by the nature of the organism, the chemistry and purity of the water, the disinfection dose and contact time. Disinfection is best achieved with clean water when properly applied after effective pre-treatment with filtration. Chlorination is one type of disinfection used in drinking water. Other common types of disinfection include chlorine dioxide, chloramines, ozone and ultraviolet light (UV). However, chlorination is one of the best disinfecting processes because it is possible to maintain and measure a residual level of chlorine in the distributed water. This allows for continual monitoring of the process and minimizes the potential for re-growth of pathogenic organisms throughout the distribution pipes. This fact sheet provides an overview of chlorination disinfection for applications on private water supplies. Disinfection is necessary in order to provide safe drinking water, and is beneficial for many other agricultural applications, such as livestock watering.
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