Publication - Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of pigs
Title in English
Recommended code of practice for the care and handling of pigs
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Summary in English
Since about 1950, pig husbandry in the industrialized contries has evolved rapidly toward the so-called 'intensive' or 'confinement' systems that currently predominate in Canada. Most Canadian pig housing now consists of indoor facilities that involve some restriction of movement, especially for breeding sows. Manure is commonly handled in liquid form in channels beneath the animal pens, and bedding materials have been eliminated from many production units. A number of factors have contributed to the rapid change toward intensive systems. The high cost and low availability of experienced farm labor have forced producers to use labor-saving methods even when they involve higher capital expenditures. Concerns over environmental pollution have encouraged the use of liquid manure handling. This trend, plus the lack of straw in many pig-producing areas, has led to reduced use of bedding. In addition, with harsh Canadian winter conditions, producers have not had the option of using the low-cost outdoor systems that are possible in more moderate climates.
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